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PERBANDINGAN TERAPI MUSIK MOZART DENGAN TERAPI MUSIK KESUKAAN TERHADAP PENURUNAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA

ABSTRACT

            Hypertension is most frequently cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. According to WHO, hypertension attact 26.4% population of the world and around 17-21% in Indonesia . In Batam, number of hypertension 1065 for man and 1676 for woman, the most highest is in Belakang Padang Community Health Center, where in 454 cases for man and 823 cases for woman. Hypertension is an abnormal high blood preassure on three different measurement occasion. Hypertension is serious health problem, if not controlled it will develop and may cause a serious complication. Hypertension is a health problem that cannot be healed but hypertension can controlled. Music is an organized hearing stimulation consist of melody, rhythm, harmony, timbre, shape and style. This research’s purpose is to examine comparison between Mozart relaxation music and favorite music to decrease blood preassure in hypertensive patients in Belakang Padang community health center Batam. There was 10 subjects for intervention group and 10 subjects for control group selected by purposive sampling. Data analyzed uses independent t-test with significance level α=0.05. result of this research, p value=0.557 for systolic (>α=0.05) and 0.885 for diastolic (>α=0.05). There was an effect of Mozart relaxation music and favourite music to decrease blood preassure and there was no difference blood preassure between intervention group and control group. The expected result will be useful for science, application in nursing cares and for the next research.
Key Word : Hypertension, Mozart relaxation music, Favorite music