PERBANDINGAN KEJADIAN TB PARU TERHADAP ANAK YANG DIIMUNISASI BCG DAN TIDAK IMUNISASI BCG YANG KONTAK
Tuberculosis is a contagious infectious disease caused by the bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis. As a source of contact is TB patients with positive acid-fast bacilli (AFB (+)). Based on preliminary studies conducted in November found that in 6 patients with smear (+) who have children under the age of 15 years and their household contacts in getting that never did check on her son and 6 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis is no 4 children who have the BCG immunization and 2 people who do not get the BCG immunization. This study aims to determine how the difference to a child who has been in the BCG and BCG are not in contact at home with pulmonary tuberculosis patients BTA (+) at the Medical Center Pulmonary Disease (BP4) LubukAlung in 2012.This research method is a comparative study with a qualitative approach. Research was conducted on November 2011 - February 2012 with accidental sampling method. The population in this study were all children under the age of 15 years with a household contacts of patients with pulmonary TB BTA (+) as many as 12 children who met the inclusion criteria. This research was analyzed by unpaired T – Test. The results showsthat there is a significant correlation between the incidence of TB in the lungs of children are immunized and not immunized are household contacts with pulmonary tuberculosis patients with p value = 0.017 (<0.05) and OR 4,000, which means a child who is not the BCG immunization household contact with pulmonary tuberculosis patients Iebih 4 times higher chance of being infected with pulmonary TB infection.Expected to health workers in BP4 LubukAlung to be able to provide health education to the maximum to pulmonary TB patient about the condition of a child who may potentially infected with pulmonary TB disease than patients who have children under the age of 15 years.
Keyword : Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Immunization, Children